What are the Companies under the Companies Act 2013

The Companies Act of 2013 set a legal framework for the establishment of the companies. It also set the dissolution and regulation of companies. Different types of companies are defined within this in-depth legislation. And each one serves certain functions and purposes.

In this blog post, we will look into the companies under the Companies Act 2013 and let us know about their distinctive features and characteristics.

What is the Companies Act of 2013?

The Companies Act of 2013 governs the registration and dissolution of companies within the country. It is significant legislation that sets the regulations within the company. The Companies Act of 2013 replaced the Companies Act of 1956. This law aims to enhance transparency and accountability.

It sets rules for how companies are formed and managed. It includes guidelines for finances, audits, and meeting legal requirements. The Act safeguards the interests of shareholders, creditors, and stakeholders. It promotes ethical business practices. It shapes the corporate prospects in India. This act provides a regulation of diverse business entities.

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What are the companies under the Companies Act 2013?

The term Companies Act refers to legislation. It governs the establishment, operation, and regulation within specific jurisdictions. These acts outline legal frameworks for businesses.

On registering, companies coming under the Companies Act of 2013 get some benefits. Those benefits include distinct legal personalities and limited liability to shareholders. It balances the fairness of business operations.

  1. Private Limited Company:
    • The most common form of business entity is Private Limited. It restricts the transferability of its shares and limits the number of shareholders. This structure is known for providing limited liability protection to its members.
  2. Public Limited Company:
    • A Public Limited Company has no restrictions on the transferability of shares. And it can have more shareholders. This type of company is often chosen for widespread public participation and investment. It is a contrast to a private limited company.
  3. One Person Company (OPC):
    • OPC is Introduced as a novel concept in the Companies Act of 2013. It allows a single individual to establish a company, enjoying limited liability. This structure is ideal for entrepreneurs who want benefits without the complexities of multiple shareholders.
  4. Section 8 Company:
    • Section 8 Company is a non-profit organization. The primary objective is to promote social welfare, or other similar purposes. These companies are not focused on distributing profits among their members.
  5. Producer Company:
    • A unique entity designed to benefit farmers and producers. A Producer Company aims to improve the economic conditions of its members. These companies can engage in various agricultural and related activities. It promotes cooperative efforts and mutual assistance among the members.
  6. Small Company:
    • The Companies Act of 2013 defines a “Small Company” based on turnover. It also depends on the paid-up capital. Small companies enjoy certain exemptions and compliance requirements compared to larger entities.


Understanding the different types of companies under the Companies Act of 2013 is crucial. It helps in making informed decisions about their business structures. It is Initiated for the flexibility of a Private, Public, and an OPC. Choosing the right form is key to establishing a successful legal business.

24efiling is the ultimate guide for registering your companies with expert guidance and user friendly process.

1. What is the Companies Act 2013 and how does it impact businesses?

 The Companies Act 2013 is a legislation governing the regulation and dissolution of companies.

2. How does the Companies Act 2013 impact businesses?

The Companies Act 2013 enhances corporate governance and introduces new provisions. It manages transparency and accountability in business operations.

3. Which are the companies under the Companies Act 2013?

Under the Companies Act 2013, private companies, public companies, OPC, and producer companies are recognized. Each type has distinct characteristics and compliance requirements.

4. What is the role of the Board of Directors under the Companies Act 2013?

The Board of Directors plays a crucial role in company governance. The board is responsible for policy formulation and overall management. It must ensure compliance with legal requirements, and financial reporting. It safeguards the interests of stakeholders. The Act outlines the composition, powers, and functions of the board.

5. How does the Companies Act 2013 address Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)?

The Act mandates certain companies to spend a portion of their profits on corporate activities. These activities should focus on areas like education, health, and environmental sustainability. The Act outlines the criteria for companies falling under CSR obligations and the reporting mechanisms for their CSR initiatives.

6. What are the penalties for non-compliance with the Companies Act 2013?

Non-compliance with the Companies Act 2013 can result in various penalties, fines, and legal consequences. The Act specifies penalties for offenses. Failure to file statutory documents, improper conduct of meetings, and any violation are specified. Companies must stay compliant to avoid legal repercussions.

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