What is CIN of the Company: Corporate Identification Number

In the vast world of business and corporations, every entity needs its own distinct identity. Enter the Corporate Identification Number (CIN), a unique code that serves as the fingerprint of a company in India.

What is a Corporate Identification Number?

Think of the Corporate Identification Number as a company’s special secret code, but not so secret. It’s a 21-character alphanumeric identifier assigned by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in India to uniquely distinguish one company from another. This code is like a digital nameplate that helps keep things organized in the corporate landscape.

The CIN is given to various types of companies in India, whether they are owned by groups of people, individuals, the government, specific states, or operate for charitable and mutual benefit purposes.

  • Private Limited Company (PLCs)
  • One Person Company (OPCs)
  • Companies owned by the Government of India
  • State Government Companies
  • Not-for-Profit Section 8 Company
  • Nidhi Companies

What are the components of CIN?

The 21 characters might seem like a secret code, but it’s not as complicated as it appears. Let’s break it down into six easy-to-understand parts:

What are the components of Corporate Identification Number
  • Stock Market Listing Status:
    • The first character tells you whether the company is listed (L) or unlisted (U) on the stock market. It’s like knowing if a company is part of the big stock exchange club or not.
  • Categorizing Economic Activity:
    • The next five digits describe what the company does. Think of it like a category tag – whether it’s a hospital, a retailer of construction materials, or involved in dairy farming, these digits reveal the company’s main gig.
  • State Code:
    • The following two letters represent the state where the company’s main office is located. It’s like a company’s hometown code.
  • Year of Incorporation:
    • The next four numbers tell you the year the company was born. It’s like finding out a company’s age.
  • Company Type:
    • The next three letters are like the company’s personality. Whether it’s private, public, owned by the government, or falls into other categories – these letters spill the beans. For example:
      • Private Limited Company is abbreviated as PTC.
      • Public Limited Company is PLC.
      • Companies owned by the Government of India is GOI, and so on.
  • Company Registration Number:
    • The last six digits reveal the unique registration number of the company. It’s like the company’s individual ID within the corporate world.

What are the abbreviations used in CIN Number?

  • FLC: Financial Lease Company as Public Limited
  • FTC: Subsidiary of a Foreign Company as a PLC
  • GAP: General Association Public
  • GAT: General Association Private
  • GOI: Companies under the Government of India
  • NPL: Not-for-Profit License Company
  • PLC: Public Limited Company
  • PTC: Private Limited Company
  • SGC: Companies owned by the State Government
  • ULL: Public Limited Company with Unlimited Liability
  • ULT: Private Company with Unlimited Liability

Why is CIN important?

  • Legal and Financial Transactions:
    • When companies engage in legal or financial transactions, the CIN becomes crucial. It acts as a reference point, helping to keep track of each company and preventing mix-ups.
  • Transparency and Accountability:
    • The CIN promotes transparency and accountability in the corporate world. It’s like having a nametag in a networking event – you know who you’re dealing with.
Company Registration in Bangalore

How to get a Corporate Identification Number for your company?

Here’s a simple guide to getting the special Corporate Identification Number.

  • Get a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC):
    • Start by getting a digital signature certificate. Think of it like your company’s online signature – it helps verify your identity in the digital world.
  • Obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN):
    • Now, you need a Director Identification Number. It’s like your personal ID for being a director of the company. It’s a way to officially recognize you in the business world.
  • Complete New User Registration:
    • Go through the process of registering as a new user. It’s like creating an account – providing necessary details to kickstart the official procedures.
  • Company Incorporation Process:
    • Once you’re registered, move on to incorporating your company. This involves official paperwork and legal steps to bring your business into existence.
  • Incorporate the Company:
    • After completing all the necessary paperwork for company incorporation, it’s time to submit it to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). They’ll review and approve your application.
  • MCA Evaluation and Approval:
    • The MCA checks all the details in your application. Once they’ve verified everything, they give their stamp of approval.
  • CIN Assignment:
    • After the MCA’s approval, your company is officially assigned a CIN. It’s like your company’s special code that sets it apart from others.

What is the usage of Corporate Identification Number?

  • Invoices, Bills, and Receipts:
    • Every time a company in India generates invoices, bills, or receipts, it needs to mention its Corporate Identification Number. It’s like the company’s official signature on financial documents.
  • Notices and Memos:
    • Whether it’s sending out official notices or internal memos, the CIN should be included. It’s a way of ensuring that the communication is officially from the registered company.
  • Letterheads:
    • The CIN finds its place on company letterheads. It’s like the company’s ID card, letting everyone know who they’re dealing with in any written correspondence.
  • Annual Reports and Audits:
    • When a company shares its annual reports or undergoes audits, the CIN is a crucial part of the documentation. It’s like the company’s identity tag on its performance report.
  • E-form Submissions on MCA Portal:
    • Whenever a company submits any electronic forms on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal, the CIN is a mandatory inclusion. It’s the digital stamp that says, “This form is from us!”
  • Company’s Official Publications:
    • Any publication that comes officially from the company, whether it’s a brochure or informational booklet, should feature the CIN. It’s the mark of authenticity.
  • Other Company Publications:
    • From newsletters to promotional material, if it’s published by the company, the CIN should be there. It’s a way of maintaining consistency in the company’s identity across all platforms.


In conclusion, the Corporate Identification Number is not just a string of characters; it’s the essence of a company’s identity, making sure that in the vast sea of corporations, each one has its unique place. So, the next time you come across a CIN, remember that it’s not just a code; it’s the digital identity that sets a company apart in the world of business.

Reach out to 24efiling to ensure a hassle-free way to retrieve your company’s CIN.

1. What is a Corporate Identification Number?

The Corporate Identification Number (CIN) is a 21-character alphanumeric code assigned to companies registered with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) in various states across India under the MCA. This unique identifier is issued to all types of companies operating in India, such as PLCs.

2. How many characters does a Corporate Identification Number have?

21 Characters
The CIN is a unique 21-digit alphanumeric code assigned to various entities, including PLCs, OPCs, government-owned companies, state government companies, not-for-profit organizations, NIDHI companies, and more.

3. How can I find my company’s CIN Number?

You can discover your Corporate Identification Number on different documents such as the certificate of incorporation provided by the ROCs, your Memorandum of Association (MOA), and Articles of Association (AOA). Also, you can retrieve your CIN online through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs portal.

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