What is Income Tax Return Form: Also Know About Form 16

An individual is required to file an Income Tax Return form to the Income Tax Department of India. It includes details on the individual’s income and the taxes that must be paid on it during the year. Information submitted with an ITR must be related to a certain fiscal year, ie; beginning on April 1 and expiring on March 31 of the following year. Let us look at, what is Income Tax Return Form.

The Income Tax Department has specified 7 types of Income Tax Return forms (ITR- 1, ITR- 2, ITR- 3, ITR- 4, ITR- 5, ITR- 6, and ITR- 7). The form’s suitability will vary based on the taxpayer’s type, income level, and other factors.

What is an Income Tax Return?

An income tax return, is a form filed by taxpayers with the tax authorities, declaring their income, deductions, and taxes outstanding for a particular fiscal year. Form 16 provides information necessary for filling out the income tax return directly, especially regarding salary income and TDS.

Income can come from a variety of sources, like as

  • Income from salary   
  • Gains and profits from a career and business 
  • Income from house property   
  • Income from capital gains   
  • Income from other sources such as dividends, interest on deposits, royalty income, winning on lottery, etc.

What is Income Tax Return Form?

The income tax returns form varies depending on the type of taxpayer and their sources of income. In numerous countries, including India, the form figures for income tax returns are categorized based on the type of taxpayer (individual, company, etc.) and the nature of income (salary income, business income, capital earnings, etc.)

For example: In India, the most generally used form for individuals earning income from salary or pension is Form ITR- 1. For individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) with income from sources other than business or profession, Form ITR-2 is used.

Similarly, different forms such as ITR- 3, ITR- 4, ITR- 5, ITR- 6, and ITR- 7 cater to different types of taxpayers and income sources.

What is Form 16?

Form 16 is a certificate issued by employers to their employees as evidence of the tax deducted at source (TDS) on their salary income and deposited with the government. It contains details similar to the employer and employee’s PAN (Permanent Account Number), details of salary paid, tax deducted, and any other allowances or deductions.

What is the capacity of Income Tax Return form?

Capacity in income tax return form refers to the status or position in which the taxpayer is filing the return. For individuals, this could include being a salaried employee, self-employed professional, business owner, or any other capacity as per their source of income.

Capacity helps tax authorities understand the nature of income and the taxpayer’s role in generating it, easing proper assessment and taxation.

What are inventories in income tax return form?

Inventories in income tax return form generally refer to the stock of goods or materials held by a taxpayer for sale or production. In business or professional income tax returns, inventories play a pivotal role in determining the Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) and ultimately the taxable income.

Taxpayers are required to report the opening and closing stock values, purchases, sales, and any adjustments of supplies as per the guidelines handed in the applicable income tax return form.

What is the Income Tax Return form for retired employees?

 Income tax return forms for retired employees are generally the same as those for other individuals, varying based on the sources of income. Retired employees may use forms similar to ITR- 1 or ITR- 2, depending on whether they’ve income solely from salary or pension (ITR- 1) or income from other sources as well (ITR- 2).

The crucial difference lies in the specific income details they need to report, similar to pension income, interest income, and any other earnings post-retirement. Additionally, they may also need to provide details of investments, deductions, and exemptions applicable to them, similar to other taxpayers.


To conclude, what is income tax return form? It serves as sanctioned documents for taxpayers to report their income, deductions, and levies outstanding to the tax authorities. The specific form number and requirements vary based on factors similar to the taxpayer’s capacity, sources of income, and any special considerations similar to retirement status. Understanding these forms and their matching requirements is essential for accurate and compliant tax filing.

Contact 24efiling to seek help and guidance for filing your Income Tax Returns. Our experienced and qualified professionals will assist you in filing Income Tax Return on time.

1. What is an income tax return form?

For a given fiscal year, taxpayers utilize an income tax return form to submit their income, deductions, and taxes owed to the government.

2. Why is it necessary to fill out an income tax return form?

To comply with tax rules, correctly record one’s income, and claim any relevant deductions or exemptions, as well as ascertain the amount of tax payable or refund due to the taxpayer, one must fill out an income tax return form.

3. How do taxpayers obtain an income tax return form?

Income tax return forms are available to taxpayers via the tax department website, specific offices, or licensed tax advisors. Forms may be electronically filed using the e-filing service in several nations, including India.

4. What information is typically required in an income tax return form?

Information requested on an income tax return form usually includes the taxpayer’s personal information, income sources, details of any claimed deductions and exemptions, tax payments received, and any other pertinent financial data required for an appropriate assessment of taxes.

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