Pros and Cons of One Person Company in India

The concept of One Person Company came into existence in India after the enactment of the Companies Act 2013. In this blogs, we will look into the Pros and Cons of One Person Company in India. The objective of this notion is to boost small entrepreneurs and young innovative minds to start their entrepreneurship without looking for multiple shareholders or subscribers.

This concept provides various benefits to an individual starting from a lower rate of interest on loans to easy funding from financial banks without any security deposit and many more.

What are the pros and cons of One Person Company?

In brief, the advantages of an OPC in India include limited liability, succession planning, market value similar to private limited companies, easy credit facilities, and simplified returns filing. However, disadvantages include a high tax rate of 30%, the need for conversion if turnover exceeds INR 2 crores, and the restriction of registering only one OPC per individual. Despite the tax drawback, the limited liability aspect makes OPC a favorable option for solo entrepreneurs in India.

What are the advantages of One Person Company?

Advantages of an OPC
  • Limited Liability Protection
    • OPC provides limited liability protection to the sole owner, separating personal assets from business liabilities. This safeguards that the owner’s personal assets are not at risk in case of business debts or any legal issues.
  • Easy Formation
    • Compared to other business entities structure, establishing an OPC is quite simple and requires only one person as both the director and shareholder. The steps involved in registration are simplified which save time.
  • Complete Control
    • As the sole owner and director, an OPC allows for complete control over management of company affairs, decision-making, operations, and other business strategies. This ensures efficient management and faster decision-making without the need for consulting other partners.
OPC Registration Service in Bangalore
  • Continuity of Business
    • OPC enjoy perpetual succession, which means that the business can continue to operate in the event of the demise of the director or if director becomes incapacitate. A nominee is appointed to take over the helm of affairs in case of the owner’s incapacitation or death.
  • Lower Interest Rates
    • OPC often enjoy lower interest rates on loans and access to easy funding from banks without the need for significant security deposits. Financial institutions are more inclined to provide financial assistance to OPC due to the limited liability structure.
  • Enhanced Credibility
    • Operating as an OPC can enhance the credibility and reputation of the business. It can attract customers, partners, and investors who may be more willing to engage with a registered company than a Sole Proprietorship.

What are the disadvantages of One Person Company?

Disadvantages of an OPC
  • Sole Ownership and Control
    • While complete ownership and control can be perceived as an advantage, it can also become a drawback. Sole responsibility for decision making can put excessive pressure on the owner, limiting diverse perspectives and creative ideas.
  • Limited Expansion Opportunities
    • An OPC cannot have more than one shareholder, making it challenging to expand and bring in additional investment. This limitation hinders the potential for growth and restricts the business to the resources of the sole owner.
  • Compliance Burden
    • OPC must comply with various statutory regulations and legal requirements, just like any other registered company. The cost of compliance and handling administrative tasks can pose a burden, especially for small scale businesses with limited resources.
  • Mandatory Conversion
    • OPC have certain thresholds that, once crossed, require conversion into a Private Limited Company. If the company’s paid-up share capital exceeds INR 50 lakhs or the average annual turnover crosses INR 2 crores in three consecutive years, conversion becomes mandatory, which can be a complex process.
  • Higher Tax Rate
    • OPC are taxed at higher rates compared to Sole Proprietorships or partnerships. Since OPs are considered a separate legal entity, profits are subject to corporate tax rates, which are generally higher than individual Income Tax Rates.


In India, several pros and cons of One Person Company are there while incorporating. Advantages such as limited liability protection, ease of formation, and complete control, entrepreneurs must also weigh the challenges it presents. The limited expansion opportunities, compliance burden, mandatory conversion thresholds, and higher tax rates are factors that require careful consideration.

Ultimately, choosing an OPC as the preferred business structure depends on the owner’s goals, vision, and long-term aspirations. It is recommended to consult legal and financial professionals to assess individual circumstances before embarking on the OPC journey.


1. What are the disadvantages of a One Person Company?

Limited access to capital, increased compliance requirements, and reduced anonymity.

2. What are the advantages of a One Person Company?

Limited liability, separate legal entity, and ease of managing and controlling the business.

3. Is One Person Company good or bad?

Whether a One Person Company is good or bad depends on individual circumstances and business goals.

4. What are the advantages of One Person Company over Sole Proprietorship?

Limited Liability Protection, Business Continuity and enhanced Business Credibility.

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