Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act: Presumptive Tax Scheme 

Navigating the intricacies of income tax can be a daunting task for many professionals, especially those in the realm of consultancy or professional services. Luckily, the Income Tax Act provides provisions like Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act to simplify the tax process for certain individuals. In this blog post, let’s crack what Section 44ADA is and how it can benefit professionals under the presumptive tax scheme.

What is Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act?

Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act is a special provision under the Income Tax Act designed to ease the tax burden for professionals engaged in specified fields, including legal, medical, engineering, architecture, accountancy, technical consultancy, and interior decoration.

The primary objective is to simplify the taxation process and encourage compliance. 

What is the Presumptive Tax Scheme?

One of the key features of Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act is the introduction of the presumptive tax scheme. Rather than going through the complex process of maintaining detailed books of accounts, eligible professionals can opt for a presumptive taxation approach.

Under this scheme, a fixed percentage (50% of the gross receipts) is considered as the professional’s income, and taxation is based on this presumed income. 

What are the benefits of Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act?

Benefits of Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act
  • Simplified Compliance:
    • Professionals opting for presumptive taxation under Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act benefit from simplified compliance requirements. The need for maintaining extensive books of accounts is eliminated, making the tax-filing process more straightforward. 
  • Presumed Income Calculation:
    • The presumptive tax scheme allows for the calculation of income at a fixed percentage of gross receipts (50%). This eliminates the need for intricate financial record-keeping, providing relief to professionals with smaller practices. 
  • Reduced Tax Liability:
    • By opting for the presumptive tax scheme, professionals can often experience a reduction in their overall tax liability. This can be particularly advantageous for those in the early stages of their careers or with smaller-scale practices. 

What is the eligibility for deduction under section 44ADA?

To claim the deduction under Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act, the following conditions must be met:  

  • The assessee should be an Indian resident.  
  • The assessee should be an individual taxpayer, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), or a partnership firm (excluding LLP).  
  • The profession being carried out should be listed under Section 44AA of the Income Tax Act.  
  • The total gross receipts of the assessee should not exceed INR 70 lakhs in a financial year. 

Which are the professionals eligible for deduction under Section 44ADA?

Any person who is carrying these professions is eligible for deductions: 

  • Legal 
  • Medical 
  • Engineering 
  • Architectural 
  • Accountancy 
  • Technical Consultancy 
  • Interior Decoration 
  • Other professions, including movie artists, authorized representatives, and those notified by the Board in the Official Gazette. 

What are the benefits of Presumptive Scheme under section 44ADA?

Choosing the presumptive taxation scheme under Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act comes with several advantages for professional taxpayers: 

  • No need to keep detailed records of your income and expenses, saving the cost and trouble of maintaining books of accounts as required by Section 44AA. 
  • There’s no need to undergo a tax audit, as mandated by Section 44AB before filing the return. This eliminates the expenses and complexities associated with getting your accounts audited by a chartered accountant. 
  • Filing your income tax return is uncomplicated. This simplicity allows you to handle the filing process on your own, avoiding the need for a tax consultant. 
  • Opting for the presumptive tax scheme automatically reduces your taxable income by 50%, leading to a lower tax liability for the financial year. 
  • This scheme creates a balance between small business owners under Section 44AD and small professionals under Section 44ADA, ensuring fair treatment for both groups. 

What are the implications of opting Presumptive Scheme for Professionals?

Choosing the presumptive scheme under Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act for professionals has significant implications; 

  • In this scheme, only 50% of your total earnings are considered taxable income, as the other 50% is assumed to cover various business expenses like services, consumables, rent, and more. 
  • Within this 50%, it is assumed that deductions allowed by sections 30 to 38 are already considered. No additional deductions under these sections are permitted when filing your return. The depreciation of assets is also assumed to be factored into this 50%. 
  • Deciding whether to opt for this scheme requires careful consideration. Taxpayers should estimate their receipts and expenses for effective tax planning. 
  • Professionals under this scheme must pay advance tax on their taxable income by March 15th of the financial year. It’s crucial to pay the full advance tax amount before the due date to avoid interest and penalties for non-compliance. 


In conclusion, Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act offers a lifeline to professionals looking to simplify their tax obligations. By embracing the presumptive tax scheme, individuals in specified fields can streamline their compliance process, reduce the burden of maintaining detailed accounts, and potentially enjoy a lighter tax liability.

It’s crucial for eligible professionals to understand and leverage the benefits provided by Section 44ADA to make their financial journey smoother and more tax efficient. 

1. What is Section 44ADA in Income Tax Act? 

Section 44ADA is a provision in the Income Tax Act that offers a presumptive taxation scheme for professionals, allowing them to calculate their taxable income at a prescribed rate without maintaining detailed books of accounts.

2. Who is eligible to benefit from Section 44ADA? 

Professionals like doctors, engineers, accountants, interior decorators, and other specified professionals whose gross receipts do not exceed INR 50 lakhs in a financial year are eligible to opt for the presumptive taxation scheme under Section 44ADA of Income Tax Act.

3. How is the presumptive income calculated under Section 44ADA? 

Professionals covered under Section 44ADA can declare their income at 50% of their gross receipts. This declared amount is considered as the presumptive income, and there’s no need for them to maintain detailed books of accounts.

4. Can professionals switch between regular and presumptive taxation under Section 44ADA? 

Yes, professionals have the flexibility to switch between the regular method of accounting and the presumptive taxation scheme under Section 44ADA. However, the choice made for a particular assessment year is irrevocable.

5. Are there any specific conditions or limitations under Section 44ADA? 

Yes, one limitation is that if professionals choose the presumptive taxation scheme under Section 44ADA, they are not allowed to deduct any expenses related to their profession. The prescribed rate of 50% on gross receipts is considered as income, and no further deductions are permitted.

6. What is a Presumptive Tax Scheme? 

The Presumptive Tax Scheme is a simplified taxation method where the government assumes a predetermined income based on the nature of the business. Tax is then calculated on this assumed income.

7. What are the advantages of opting for the Presumptive Tax Scheme? 

Reduced compliance burden, minimal record-keeping requirements, and a straightforward method for calculating taxable income are some of the advantages of the Presumptive Tax Scheme.

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